Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based psychotherapy with a clear theoretical framework. CBT aims to relieve emotional distress and interpersonal difficulties in a supportive and collaborative manner and to impart a set of skills that enables those in need of help to become their own therapists.
CBT has been around for many years and produced a substantial body of research. This research produced a range of effective interventions to target depression, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social phobia, posttraumatic stress disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder. It also uncovered common maintenance factors -- such as overthinking, need for certainty and postponing of distress-inducing tasks to a achieve a short-term respite -- that make dealing with life pressures more difficult than it has to be. Many suffer needlessly as they rehearse life events in their minds and seem to be constantly planning for something that they are unable to do and blame themselves lack of implementation. Just think of a student who believes that she is unable to learn the material, gets too anxious to study, ultimately avoids going to school and ends by spending large amounts of time berating herself.